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Cameradar - An RTSP Surveillance Camera Access Multitool



Cameradar allows you to:

  • Detect open RTSP hosts on any accessible target
  • Get their public info (hostname, port, camera model, etc.)
  • Launch automated dictionary attacks to get their stream route (for example /live.sdp)
  • Launch automated dictionary attacks to get the username and password of the cameras
  • Generate thumbnails from them to check if the streams are valid and to have a quick preview of their content
  • Try to create a Gstreamer pipeline to check if they are properly encoded
  • Print a summary of all the informations Cameradar could get

And all of this in a single command-line.

Of course, you can also call for individual tasks if you plug in a Database to Cameradar using the MySQL cache manager for example. You can create your own cache manager by following the simple example of the dumb cache manager.

Quick install

The quick install uses docker to build Cameradar without polluting your machine with dependencies and makes it easy to deploy Cameradar in a few commands. However, it may require networking knowledge, as your docker containers will need access to the cameras subnetwork.

Dependencies

The only dependencies are dockerdocker-toolsgit and make.

Five steps guide

  1. git clone https://github.com/EtixLabs/cameradar.git
  2. cd cameradar/deployment
  3. Tweak the conf/cameradar.conf.json as you need (see the configuration guide here for more information)
  4. docker-compose build ; docker-compose up
By default, the version of the package in the deployment should be the last stable release.
If you want to scan a different target or different ports, change the values CAMERAS_TARGET and CAMERAS_PORTS in the docker-compose.yml file.
The generated thumbnails will be in the cameradar_thumbnails folder after Cameradar has finished executing.
If you want to deploy your custom version of Cameradar using the same method, you should check the advanced docker deployment tutorial here.

Manual installation

The manual installation is recommended if you want to tweak Cameradar and quickly test them using CMake and running Cameradar in command-line. If you just want to use Cameradar, it is recommended to use the quick install instead.

Dependencies

To install Cameradar you will need these packages
  • cmake (cmake)
  • git (git)
  • gstreamer1.x (libgstreamer1.0-dev)
  • ffmpeg (ffmpeg)
  • boost (libboost-all-dev)
  • libcurl (libcurl4-openssl-dev)

Steps

The simplest way would be to follow these steps :
  1. git clone https://github.com/EtixLabs/cameradar.git
  2. cd cameradar
  3. mkdir build
  4. cd build
  5. cmake ..
  6. make
  7. cd cameradar_standalone
  8. ./cameradar -s the_target_you_want_to_scan

Advanced Docker deployment

In case you want to use Docker to deploy your custom version of Cameradar.

Dependencies

The only dependencies are docker and docker-compose.

Using the package generation script

  1. git clone https://github.com/EtixLabs/cameradar.git
  2. cd cameradar/deployment
  3. rm *.tar.gz
  4. ./build_last_package.sh
  5. docker-compose build cameradar
  6. docker-compose up cameradar

Deploy a custom version of Cameradar by hand

  1. git clone https://github.com/EtixLabs/cameradar.git
  2. cd cameradar
  3. mkdir build
  4. cd build
  5. cmake .. -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release
  6. make package
  7. cp cameradar_*_Release_Linux.tar.gz ../deployment
  8. cd ../deployment
  9. docker-compose build cameradar
  10. docker-compose up cameradar

Configuration

Here is the basic content of the configuration file with simple placeholders :
{
  "mysql_db" : {
     "host" : "MYSQL_SERVER_IP_ADDRESS",
     "port" : MYSQL_SERVER_PORT,
     "user": "root",
     "password": "root",
     "db_name": "cmrdr"
  },
  "target" : "target1,target2,target3,[...]",
  "ports" : "PORT1,PORT2,[...]",
  "rtsp_url_file" : "/path/to/url/dictionary",
  "rtsp_ids_file" : "/path/to/url/dictionary",
  "thumbnail_storage_path" : "/valid/path/to/a/storage/directory",
  "cache_manager_path" : "/path/to/cache/manager",
  "cache_manager_name" : "CACHE_MANAGER_NAME"
}
This configuration is needed only if you want to overwrite the default values, which are :
{
  "target" : "localhost",
  "ports" : "554,8554",
  "rtsp_url_file" : "conf/url.json",
  "rtsp_ids_file" : "conf/ids.json",
  "thumbnail_storage_path" : "/tmp",
  "cache_manager_path" : "../cache_managers/dumb_cache_manager",
  "cache_manager_name" : "dumb"
}
This means that by default Cameradar will not use a database, will scan localhost and the ports 554 (default RTSP port) and 8554 (default emulated RTSP port), use the default constructor dictionaries and store the thumbnails in /tmp. If you need to override simply the target or ports, you can use the command line options.
The targets should be passed separated by commas only, and their target format should be the same as used in nmap.
"target" : "172.100.16.0/24,172.100.17.0/24,localhost,192.168.1.13"
The RTSP ports for most cameras are 554, so you should probably specify 554 as one of the ports you scan. Not giving any ports in the configuration will scan every port of every host found on the target.
You can use your own files for the ids and routes dictionaries used to attack the cameras, but the Cameradar repository already gives you a good base that works with most cameras.
The thumbnail storage path should be a valid and accessible directory in which the thumbnails will be stored.
The cache manager path and name variables are used to change the cache manager you want to load into Cameradar. If you want to, you can code your own cache manager using a database, a file, a remote server, [...]. Feel free to share it by creating a merge request on this repository if you developed a generic manager (It must not be specific to your company's infrastructure).

Output

For each camera, Cameradar will output these JSON objects :
{
   "address" : "173.16.100.45",
   "ids_found" : true,
   "password" : "123456",
   "path_found" : true,
   "port" : 554,
   "product" : "Vivotek FD9381-HTV",
   "protocol" : "tcp",
   "route" : "/live.sdp",
   "service_name" : "rtsp",
   "state" : "open",
   "thumbnail_path" : "/tmp/127.0.0.1/1463735257.jpg",
   "username" : "admin"
}

Check camera access

If you have VLC Media Player, you should be able to use the GUI to connect to the RTSP stream using this format : rtsp://username:[email protected]:port/route
With the above result, the RTSP URL would be rtsp://admin:[email protected]:554/live.sdp
If you're still in your console however, you can go even faster by using vlc in commmand-line and just run vlc rtsp://username:[email protected]:port/routewith the camera's info instead of the placeholders.

Command line options

  • "-c" : Set a custom path to the configuration file (-c /path/to/conf) <<<<<<< HEAD
  • "-s" : Set custom subnets (overrides configuration) : You can use this argument in many ways, using a subnet (e.g.: 172.16.100.0/24) or even an IP (e.g.: 172.16.100.10), a range of IPs (e.g.: 172.16.100.10-172.16.100.20) or a mix of all those (e.g.: 172.17.100.0/24,172.16.100.10-172.16.100.20,0.0.0.0). =======
  • "-s" : Set custom target (overrides configuration)
5489969... v2.0.0: Rename subnet to target to avoid confusion
  • "-p" : Set custom ports (overrides configuration)
  • "-m" : Set number of threads (Default value : 1)
  • "-l" : Set log level
    • "-l 1" : Log level DEBUG
      • Will print everything including debugging logs
    • "-l 2" : Log level INFO
      • Prints every normal information
    • "-l 4" : Log level WARNING
      • Only prints warning and errors
    • "-l 5" : Log level ERROR
      • Only prints errors
    • "-l 6" : Log level CRITICAL
      • Doesn't print anything since Cameradar can't have critical failures right now, however you can use this level to debug your own code easily or if you add new critical layers
  • "-d" : Launch the discovery tool
  • "-b" : Launch the dictionary attack tool on all discovered devices
    • Needs either to be launched with the -d option or to use an advanced cache manager (DB, file, ...) with data already present
  • "-t" : Generate thumbnails from detected cameras
    • Needs either to be launched with the -d option or to use an advanced cache manager (DB, file, ...) with data already present
  • "-g" : Check if the stream can be opened with GStreamer
    • Needs either to be launched with the -d option or to use an advanced cache manager (DB, file, ...) with data already present
  • "-v" : Display Cameradar's version
  • "-h" : Display this help
  • "--gst-rtsp-server" : Use this option if the attack does not seem to work (only detects the username but not the path, or the opposite). This option will switch the order of the attacks to prioritize path over credentials, which is the way priority is handled for cameras that use GStreamer's RTSP server.
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